|Jean-Paul Belmondo||Louis-Dominique Bourguignon|
|Odile Versois||Isabelle de Ferrussac|
|Jess Hahn||La Douceur|
|Jean Rochefort||La Taupe|
|Philippe Lemaire||Gaston de Ferrussac|
|Noel Roquevert||Le sergent recruteur|
In 18th century France, Louis-Dominique Bourguignon is a highwayman with a sense of morality. In the course of his adventures, he rescues the beguiling Venus from her captors. Together, they form a band of thieves, preying on the rich and sharing their bounty with the poor. As Cartouche, the mysterious robber becomes a popular hero and a thorn in the side of the police, until his former criminal boss Malichot joins the side of the law.